Linear Flow Of Mini Dairy Plant

  • The linear Mini Dairy Plant is ideal because it has raw material/raw milk at one end, goes directly into the process, then is packaged and then shipped, and the whole process is continuous. Administrative buildings, laboratories, and utility buildings can be separated from production plants. This layout provides space for future phased expansion.
    Another option is an "L" shaped flow, similar to a linear flow, but may need to be installed in a narrower position. This layout style has the same extensions. The administrative building, laboratory and utility building can once again be separated from the production plant and have the ability to expand in the future.
    If the size of the site is a constraint, the "U" shaped stream may work better. From the perspective of future expansion, this layout option is not ideal, but it is suitable for sites with small footprints.
    Safety considerations in factory layout
    Security should always be a key driver in the early stages of design and concept. Personnel access, platform design, escape routes, machine access, operability, and process safety are some of the main considerations. Regular design risk assessments (DRAs) ensure that all aspects of safety are considered during the design phase.
    In the Republic of Ireland, the statutory role of the Project Supervisory Design Process (PSDP) is key to ensuring safety, risk mitigation (possibly designed) and design safety.
    As process design progresses, Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOP) are required to assess and identify any issues that pose a risk to personnel or equipment, or to prevent efficient operation. Dangerous operations are performed by suitably trained personnel.
    Layout principles and sustainable master plans
    Once the product is defined and it is clear what will be produced, the spatial planning and design of the facility around its process can begin.
    The layout should be appropriately scalable and should stand the test of the future to allow for future changes in the product to be installed or to respond to market conditions. There is a leisure space on the site that allows this, but it comes at a price. At this stage, you need to consider whether the building is single or multi-storey. With a multi-story building, the total footprint can be reduced, but the equipment also determines this.
    At the Milk Production Line design stage, licensing should not be overlooked as it leads to scheduling and final design issues. Things to consider include planning, building codes, fire codes, environmental impacts, pollution permits, and environmental impact statements. It is a good thing to contact government agencies as early as possible to understand local needs.